Political Behavior of Youth generation
By Sadia Afrin*
After completing a research proposal design, it is necessary to study the appropriate literature for having a better understanding of the research topic. In this chapter, the various relevant literature and essential model for conceptualizing the field level data are described. Different models of voting behavior as the Sociological Model, the Michigan Model, the Party Identification Model, the Media/Dominant Ideology Model as well as the Rational Choice Model are explained for having an in-depth understanding of the voting paradox. Three age effects as Individual Ageing Effect, Cohort Effect, and the Life Cycle Effect are also discussed for having a comprehensive and thoughtful understanding of the political orientation of youth generation. Although these all models and framework are explored and studied mostly by the western scholars on their country context, a further extension of this epistemological realm will surely be made through the study of these models and frameworks relevant to developing country as Bangladesh especially of the youth of Dhaka University and their political behavior.
2. Youths’ apathy in political participation:
Like many countries in the world, Bangladesh’s youth are considered as the leader of tomorrow because they will ultimately become the future leaders and possibly also the future political elite (see e.g. Schoeman & Puttergil 2007:159). Therefore, their political participation especially voting is highly needed for maintaining the political process as smooth and stronger. However, it is generally accepted that young people are apathetic towards political activities and that such apathy is evidenced in low voter turnout during elections and low political participation. The youth is normally categorized as between the ages of 18 to 35 years, but can also be narrowed down to 16 to 29 years (Sachs 2006). When this group, however, is being labeled as...