The ABCD model for writing objectives
• Objectives will include 4 distinct components: Audience, Behavior, Condition and Degree.
• Objectives must be both observable and measurable to be effective.
• Use of words like understand and learn in writing objectives are generally not acceptable as they are difficult to measure.
• Written objectives are a vital part of instructional design because they provide the roadmap for designing and delivering curriculum.
• Throughout the design and development of curriculum, a comparison of the content to be delivered should be made to the objectives identified for the program. This process, called performance agreement, ensures that the final product meets the overall goal of instruction identified in the first level objectives.
Characteristics of objectives
• Observable and measurable
• Results oriented / clearly written / specific
• Measurable by both quantitative and qualitative criteria
• Communicate a successful learning in behavioral terms
• Written in terms of performance
• May be presented in 2 levels: 1st level and 2nd level
o 1st level: identify the overall goal of the instruction for the program or instructional event
▪ Sometimes called terminal objectives
o 2nd level: identify the goals required to meet the 1st level objectives
▪ Sometimes called enabling objectives
• Given a standard sentence, the English 101 student should be able to identify the noun and verb without error.
• Given an assortment of EMS equipment to pick from, the paramedic should be able to identify all of the equipment necessary to perform rapid sequence intubation without error.
• The EMT-B participant in this pediatric workshop should be able to identify at least 4 warning signs of possible child abuse from a family member’s interview that contains 5 warning...