Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Rights – Close the Gap
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The Close the Gap campaign is a nation-wide government initiative that aims to close the significant health gap identified between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Statistics show that there is approximately a 17 year gap between the life expectancies of indigenous and non-indigenous Australians (ANTAR, 2009 para. 5) and that Indigenous infants are dying at twice the rate of other infants in the country (Oxfam, n.d., para. 2). These statistics provide the basis for defining the Health Gap. The Close the Gap Campaign has been broken down into why the gap exists, Human Rights initiatives, small government campaigns aimed at specific health issues, future developments and recommendations for further improvements. It is expected that there will be a significant improvement in the Health Gap within one generation .
Arthur Phillip brought the First Fleet from England to settle in Sydney Ccove in the year 1788. As colonisation swept through Australia, The Aboriginal Protection Board (APB) was created and Aboriginal children were taken from their homes without parental consent or a court order (reconciliACTION, 2007, para. 3). Resentment and sorrow escalated within the Indigenous community and many Aboriginal people suffered from extreme depression that further escalated too many other mental health issues and even suicide (Aboriginal Health, A missing Dimension, 1998). Many Aboriginal women were raped by the settlers which then exposed the Indigenous community to various Sexually Transmitted Diseases as well (Aboriginal Health, A missing Dimension, 1998). All of these acts and many more led the Aboriginal people to any reprieve they could find and to this day that reprieve is often alcohol and substance abuse. The over-consumption of alcohol and substance abuse causes many health issues in the Iindigenous community . This was made worse in the past by the lack of medical...