Word Count: 1921
On the night of Canada’s 2011 Federal Election, the approval rating of the Liberal Party was at a grim 18 percent. The more disturbing statistic, however was Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff’s approval rating, which, on the cusp of the election, was exactly the same as that of Green Party Leader Elizabeth May. However, May had not stirred out of her riding while Ignatieff had lost his seat, and with it, the election. Throughout most of Canadian history, the struggle for political dominance has been between the Liberals and Conservatives, with the Liberals labelled as “Canada’s natural governing party”. This election, however, has not only overseen the failure of the Liberals from preventing the Conservative majority, but also the spectacular fall of a once magnificent party to third place and a halving of its seats. This historical investigation will cover the underlying and immediate causes of the stumble through the question: Account for the failure of the Liberal Party in the Federal Election of 2011. This question will be answered by beginning with a Summary of Evidence where all factual material will be introduced and further discussed afterwards. The investigation will then continue with an Evaluation of Sources where the origin, value, purpose, limitations of When the Gods Changed: The Death of Liberal Canada by Peter C. Newman, as well as a Globe and Mail interview with Michael Ignatieff by Michael Valpy. Lastly, an analysis of factual material will commence in Part D, and will lead to a conclusion in Part E where the focus question is answered.
Part B: Summary of Evidence
There is much evidence that deals with answering the question of what caused the failure of the Liberal Party in the 2011 Federal Election.
The actual Liberal vote has declined in every election but one since 1990 (Crawley).
The emergence of the Bloc Québécois and the Reform party in...