22.214.171.124. Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
The Human Medicines Regulations 2012
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
The Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001
The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) (Amendment) Regulations 2007
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002
The Health and Social Care Act Regulated Activities Regulations 2010
The handling of medicines in social care guidelines from the Royal Pharmaceutical Society (RPS)
Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Guidelines
1.2. Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects
Antibiotics - a group of drugs used to treat bacterial infections. Should be taken at regular intervals throughout the day. Instructions must be followed and the course competed as failure to do so can lead to a bacterial resistance meaning the infection becomes difficult to treat and the antibiotic no longer works
Analgesics - known as pain killers and used to relieve pain. different types include aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen, codeine, morphine and tramadol. Selection determined by severity of pain. Some analgesics have other effects as well such as paracetamol which can be used to reduce body temperature.
Antihistamines - used to aid the bodies defence when in contact with an allergen and reduces symptoms associated with allergies including those from medicines, insect bites and stings.
Antacids - used to alleviate the symptoms of heart burn and indigestion (dyspepsia) by neutralising acid content in the stomach.
Anticoagulants - used to reduce the likelihood of blood clots that could result in heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs). Because anticoagulants affect the bloods ability to clot there is an increased risk of bleeding for people who take them. Anticoagulants should be taken exactly as directed and careful monitoring via blood...