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Affirmative Action Essay

  • Submitted by: genevieveqs
  • on February 18, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,287 words

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Below is an essay on "Affirmative Action" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Introduction:
Webster’s New World Dictionary definition of affirmative action is ‘a policy or program for correcting the effects of discrimination in the employment or education of members of certain groups.’ President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the Executive Order 11246 requiring federal contractors to use affirmative action to increase the number of minorities that are employed. He also created the Office or Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) which set out to find the exact meaning of ‘Affirmative Action’ (Woods). Affirmative action is supposed to create ways for people to experience equal opportunities in the work place and for students wanting to go to college.   Although many argue that we do not need Affirmative Action anymore statistics tell a different story.   Despite the progress that has been made, the playing field is far from level. Women continue to earn 76 cents for every male dollar (Bowler, 1999). Black people continue to have twice the unemployment rate of White people, twice the rate of infant mortality, and just over half the proportion of people who attend four years or more of college (see Figure 1). In fact, without affirmative action the percentage of Black students at many selective schools would drop to only 2% of the student body (Bowen & Bok, 1998).

Since the civil rights movement of the 1960s the idea of diversity became increasingly more desirable in the United States.   Diversity in an organization was no longer just praised; it was required. Even organizations that are created for a specific group must open themselves to diversity.   Affirmative Action is used to help to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by granting jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women. The policy was implemented by federal agencies enforcing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and by the Equal Employment Opportunities Act of 1972. While many people believed it was a step in the right direction in...

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"Affirmative Action". Anti Essays. 9 Dec. 2018

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APA Citation

Affirmative Action. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 9, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Affirmative-Action-168620.html


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