According to the Plato’s Republic, Socrates believed that people needed one another in order to survive. Generally, every person has his or her own strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, he argued that some people will do well in some art while others perform well in a different art. In this case, Socrates created some sort of City in Speech in order to elaborate on the aspect of justice and injustice in a wider perspective (Plato, 1966). According to Socrates, he believed that there is no difference between justice and injustice simply because there is no conflict in the city.
Socrates, in the republic, postulates and supports the idea of actually being and thus does not support the point of seeming. According to the parable of the cave, Socrates believed that citizens should be let out of the cave where they just see images rather than the real formative experiences. Additionally, he says that people should be allowed outside the cave in order to see the light. On the other hand, Socrates saw the need for rulers have power in order to rule since nobody can exceptionally fit to be a ruler rather than the ones who do (Kraut, 1989).
Apparently, Socrates believed in justice, master of oneself and virtue. Therefore, Socrates believed that people can act rationally and make judgments to themselves and to the entire world correctly. In this case, Socrates acknowledges the idea that rulers should observe the aspects of wisdom, justice and virtue in order to control the city effectively. Socrates shows an outstanding performance as a true philosopher by having considering aspects of epistemology, logic, ethics and metaphysics which are good principles in real life situation.
According to Plato’s apology, Socrates tries to defend himself before the courts against charges laid on him. Socrates is involved in myriad activities of persuading the young and not believing in the...