Alcohol is the oldest and the most widely used drug in the world.
Alcohol and how it processes in the body.
Alcohol is entered into the body orally and the minute it is swallowed flows directly into your bloodstream then carried to nearly every organ in your body. The sex of the drinker plays a huge role in how alcohol processes in the body. Studies show that if a woman and a man who have identical body weights and both drank the same amount of alcohol will have different blood alcohol levels. The woman’s level is going to be higher but the process is the same for both sexes.
After alcohol is absorbed it takes the same route as food does when swallowed which is the stomach. The amount of food that is in the stomach when a person is drinking plays an important role in how the alcohol will affect the individual who is drinking it. If the stomach is empty this could result in vomiting.
The rate of absorption determines how fast the alcohol reaches the brain. As the individual continues to drink the partially metabolized alcohol runs from your stomach to your bloodstream and to your pyloric valve which controls the passage of the stomach’s contents into the small intestine. The bloodstream is the body’s designated driver and alcohol is carried to all parts of the body like the liver, the kidneys, and the colon through this route. Which can be dangerous because at this point the alcohol has moved from the small intestine and flows through a large blood vessel to the liver where an enzyme metabolizes the alcohol? If the liver is healthy it can process about a 1/2ounce of alcohol in an hour and the rest goes to your heart. This makes your heart relax and pump out less blood it also makes blood less likely to clot, temporarily reducing your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Some people take an hour to metabolize the alcohol in one drink while others have alcohol circulating in their blood for up to three hours after taking a drink.