Alexander the Great: A History
By Callum Dunlop
Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon or more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was King of Macedonia, a state in the north eastern region of Greece, by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires in ancient history, stretching from the Ionian sea to the Himalaya. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of the most successful commanders of all time; he conquered much of what was then the civilized world, driven by his divine ambition of the world conquest and the creation of a universal world monarchy. Alexander was born in late July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia; Alexander is described as: a strong, handsome commander with one eye dark as the night and one blue as the sky, always leading his army on his faithful Bucephalus.
Alexander was tutored by the famed philosopher Aristotle. In 336 BC he succeeded his father Philip II of Macedon to the throne after Philip was assassinated. Alexander inherited from his father the best military formation of the time, the Macedonian Phalanx, armed with sarisses - the fearful five and half meter long lances. He succeeded in being awarded the generalship of Greece and, with his authority firmly established, launched the military plans for expansion left by his father.
Alexander was the first great conqueror whose empire reached Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Asia up to western India. He is famous for having created the ethnic fusion of the Macedonians and the Persians. From victory to victory, Alexander created an empire which brought him eternal glory. He brought Greek ideas, culture and life style to the countries which he conquered, and assured expansion and domination of Hellenistic Culture which, together with Roman Civilization and Christianity, constitutes the foundation of what is now called Western Civilization.
Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, without realizing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an...