This activity examines the way that psychologists conceptualize stress, emphasizing that stress is a bio-psycho-social process. You will explore the sources of stress in your own life, review your body’s response to stress, and then learn how cognitive appraisal dramatically affects how much stress you actually experience.
Checking the Level of Stress in Your Life
• What was your “Stress Test” score? _____Stress_40____Strain 27__(1)
• Do you think that such a test accurately captures your experience? What other stressors should be included? (1)
Yeah sure it captures what a lot of people my age a generally stressed about but it doesn’t talk about moral/identity decisions (quarter life crisis), which can be very stressful.
Stress, Stressors, and Coping
• Psychologists differentiate stressors, strain, and stress. What do each of these terms mean? (1)
Stress is the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors which we perceive to be threatening or challenging. Strain is the outcome of stress such as loss of sleep, headaches, and lack of concentration. Coping is the behavioral and emotional ways people handle stress.
The General Adaptation Syndrome
• Describe Selye’s general adaptation syndrome and its phases. (1)
The Biology of Stress
• Although both men and women experience the “fight-or-flight” syndrome, some scientists argue that women also can experience stress differently (“tend-and-befriend”). Briefly explain this hypothesis.(1)
• Can you think of why this alleged gender difference in fight-or-flight and tend-and-befriend may “make sense” from an evolutionary perspective? (1)
• Describe the body’s two-part endocrine response to stress. (1)
Stress Harms Your Body's Organ Systems
• List the effects of stress on:
• the heart (1)
• the digestive track...