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An Essay Related To Crime And Punishme

  • Submitted by: Lilsunshine
  • on February 19, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 475 words

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Below is a free excerpt of "An Essay Related To Crime And Punishme" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Criminalising the transmission of HIV has become one of the most controversial topics of all time. While the criminalisation appeared as a potential means to the governments to address the spread of HIV, there are voices raised across the world to show their objection to the measure. In my viewpoint, to reduce the enormous number of HIV infections is important, but not by turning unselectively everybody who stand a chance of transmitting or exposing the HIV virus, into a criminal.
In parts of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, the HIV-specific law has been introduced to the public.   According to the recent statistics, women account for more than half of all people who are living with HIV. Females are often blamed for bringing the virus home and therefore abandoned by their family as well as friends. Instead of preventing new infection and reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV, these laws seem to do harm to the women rather than assist them.   Infected pregnant women, in some countries including Sierra Leona, are put behind bars since their unborn child is exposed to HIV virus. The criminalisation has worsen the situation by perceiving that women who accidentally transmit the virus do the action intentionally or deliberately, which practically reinforces the existing laws discriminating based on gender.
Besides, the criminal law specific to HIV transmission and exposure undermines HIV prevention efforts. By applying this, people would be discouraged from getting tested and finding out their HIV status since “lack of knowledge of one’s status could be the best defense in a criminal lawsuit” .The criminalisation places the responsibility exclusively on the individuals who are dealing with HIV when it should be a share responsibility between two people in a sexual relationship. Nobody dares to have a test because if it is positive, the counselor will inform the family, which is very likely to result in discrimination in lieu of support and protection....

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