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Angelo Roncalli Essay

  • Submitted by: dancer0902
  • on October 7, 2012
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 873 words

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Below is an essay on "Angelo Roncalli" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Angelo Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) was the 261st pope of the Catholic Church and was the sovereign of Vatican City. He was born in Italy and was the first boy born to Giovanni Roncalli. He was the third of thirteen children, born to a family of farmers on November 25 1881 in northern Italy. At the age of twelve he entered the diocesan seminary at Bergamo and was under the influence of progressive leaders of the Italian social movement. Then he went to the seminary at Rome on a scholarship and served for a year as a volunteer in the Italian army, and returned to the seminary to take a doctorate in theology. In 1904 at age 23, Angelo was ordained a priest. Ten years later he was drafted into The Royal Italian Army, serving in the Medial Corps. After Pope Pius XII’s death, he was elected Pope. He was known as “Good Pope John” and “The most loved Pope in history.” Pope John XXIII died of stomach cancer on June 3 1963, at the age of 81.
The Papacy of Pope John XXIII greatly impacted the Catholic Church throughout the world. He influenced church doctrine by covening the Second Vatican Council, which brought together church leaders of all religions to discuss the possibilities of modernizing the church. A papacy is the Popes governance of the Catholic Church. It has other terms such as Papa, Vicar of Christ, Holy Father and Bishop of Rome. Pope John met the Rev. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, the Archbishop of Canterbury, for about an hour in the Vatican on December 2, 1960. This was the first time in over 400 years, since the excommunication of Elizabeth I that the Archbishop of Canterbury had met with the Pope. Pope John XXIII excommunicated Fidel Castro on January 3, 1962, and forbid Catholics from supporting communist governments.  
The Second Vatican Council was founded by Pope John XXIII. This Council made major changes in the Catholic Church. The first major document that was debated was the Constitution on the sacred liturgy. The things that changed because of this...

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