“Bacillus anthracis: a bioterrorist's weapon of choice”
In the advent of fast paced technology, many advances have been made in order to help man do his tasks more efficiently. Most of these technology aims to help man with his personal endeavours be in terms of work, convenience, health and so much more. But apart from these benefits, groups of people utilize these technologies as means to spread chaos and panic to the community, Bioterrorism is one perfect example.
Bioterrorism, as defined by the CDC, is the deliberate release of biological agents (viruses, bacteria, or other germs) naturally occurring or human modified form, with an intention to cause debility and or mortality in people, animals or plants. These agents are spread through the air, water, in food or by personal contact. Bioterrorism is not new; epidemiologists even suggest that Bioterrorism has been known to date back 6th century BC when Assyrians contaminated their enemy's water well with a fungus that causes convulsion if ingested. In ancient military campaigns, diseased bodies were used to poison wells and were catapulted into cities under siege. Research into the military use of anthrax was carried out during World War I by combatants on all sides of the conflict, and by World War II anthrax research was actively underway. But perhaps the most popular and highly notorious bioterrorist attack happened on the 18th of September 2001 when several letters containing prepared anthrax spores in powdered form were mailed to different members of the US Congress and American media outlets. The event resulted in the death of 5 individuals and infecting 17 others.
Anthrax is caused by bacteria that are a rod shaped organism, Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is a non-motile organism between 1-5 micrometers in length. Upon exposure to air, anthrax forms a spore, which can become airborne to cause infection to exposed individuals. Anthrax spore can cause disease by coming in contact with abraded skin or...