Art History Project
April 24, 2012
Neoclassicism refers to the themes of classical revival in European art that was from 1750’s to 1800’s. Baroque of Rococo art was rejected by artist at that time when the art of ancient of Rome and Greece had appeared again. Neoclassicism was meant to emphasize rationality and the rebirth of tradition. Artists during that time began to use mythology and history as the main subject in their paintings. They created some classical styles and subjects such as columns, pediments and others in their artworks. Artists during that time also took a lot of care to paint or draw the details of the subject matter with as much accuracy as possible. And again, most of these objects were derived from mythology and history. Most of the artists during this time emphasized line quality over colors, light and atmosphere. One of the most famous artists during this time was Jacque-Louis David. He had painted a lot of historical paintings such as “Oath of the Horatii” and “Lictors Bringing to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons”, both display a gravity and decorum derived from classical tragedy. Another famous painter of the time was Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. He won the Prix De Rome with his painting “The Envoys of Agamenmnon at the Tent of Achilles” and painted “The Death of Leonardo da Vinci and Paolo and Francesca”.
Romanticism was begun in England and Germany in the 1770’s, and later on it had spread throughout Europe by the 1820’s. Romanticism emphasized emotional and spontaneous approaches. It was formed to go against Neoclassicism. Romanticism was focused on imagination, emotion and freedom by the way of individualism. Artists emphasized their personal, emotions and dramatic aspects of literary and historical subject matter. Artists showed the personal emotion, personal creativity and saw the artistic progress as a spiritual awakening. One...