Battle of Olustee
The Battle of Olustee took place at Ocean Pond near Lake City, Florida. It was a battle in the 19th century during the Civil War, a battle fought between the Confederate and Union troops. The battle was an attempt to force Florida to rejoin the union states by take over the northern part of the state from Jacksonville to the city of Tallahassee. The battle was important in the history of the Civil War and the State of Florida, although it only lasted approximately six hours. It was considered one of the bloodiest battles during the Civil War, although you will not find it in many history books. During this paper, I will provide an overview of slavery in Florida, the Union expedition to the interior of Florida, and an overview of the Battle as it took place near Lake City, Florida. At the conclusion of this paper, you can decide if it belongs in our history books.
Florida farmers “thought slavery was necessary in order to produce crops that the state economics depended on” (Jones 30). Slaves worked all day and half the night during the sugar boiling and cotton gathering seasons. A large population of slaves lived in middle counties of Florida. Florida farmers disagreed with Americans that believed “all men are created equal applied to slaves” (Jones 30). In 1845, Florida entered the Union as a free slave state, but decided to leave after Lincoln was elected President in 1860. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, allowing all slaves in Confederate territory to be free. Many join the Union army to fight against the Confederate, but faced difficult situation if captured during battle “as the enemy threatened tortures more than death to any niggers that might fall into Confederate hands” (Urwin 72).
In the early years of the civil war, Florida was not considered a strategic nor political importance. The majority of Florida confederate forces were in other states fighting the war, which left small...