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Birth Control Essay

  • Submitted by: anonymous
  • on September 18, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 529 words

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Below is an essay on "Birth Control" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The voluntary use of procedures to suppress fertility is commonly termed birth control. The use of such procedures to prevent fertilization or implantation of a fertilized egg is term contraception. By contrast, procedures or circumstances that cause the death of an embryo or fetus after implantation produce abortion. Abortions can occur either spontaneously usually when the embryo is in some way defective or be induced by substances or surgical procedures. A substance that induces an abortion is called an abortifacient. Some forms of contraception prevent the transport of gametes through the reproductive tract. Vasectomy is a surgical procedure in men that severs the vas deferens, thereby preventing the release of sperm at ejaculation (however, semen is still released). In women, tubal ligation involves the cutting and sealing of the fallopian tubes. This procedure prevents the movement the ovum from the oviduct into the uterus.   Both of these procedures are essentially permanent, because it is sometimes impossible to reverse the surgery. Temporary methods of preventing fertilization are barrier methods, which prevent sperm from reaching an egg. Barrier methods include vaginal diaphragms, which are placed in the upper part of the vagina just prior to intercourse and block movement of sperm to the cervix, and condoms, which are sheath like membranes worn over the penis that collect the ejaculate. In addition to their contraceptive function, condoms significantly reduce the risk of STDs such as HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and herpes. Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) are synthetic forms of estradiol and progesterone, taken by mouth , that prevent ovulation in women by inhibiting pituitary LH and FSH release. The hormones in these pills also affect the composition of cervical mucus such that sperm cannot pass through it into the uterus. In addition to the oral route, hormones can be administered by injections and...

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Birth Control. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Birth-Control-310186.html


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