PSY 370 Learning & the Brain
Instructor: Jimletta Vareene-Thomas
May 27, 2012
How Poverty, Homelessness, and Hunger Affect Education
The growing concern for homeless youth in America is a growing concern. Research has shown that family breakdown, abuse and disruptive family relationships are mostly the reasons for youth homelessness.
“In addition the experience of homelessness appears to frequently have adverse implications and to affect neurocognitive development and academics, as well as mental and physical health. Substance use, sexually transmitted infections, and psychiatric disorders are particularly prevalent in this population, “(Ednin, Gamin, Hunter, and Karnik).
However most of the problems with homelessness can be brief but severe stress and lack of resources that comes with homelessness may have longer effects on a child’s ability to function and develop. The lack of health care services are some serious concerns because either parents are unaware of the resources or the schools are more concerned with academics instead of health care’s.
To help with homelessness, “The McKinney Act's Education of Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program was established by Congress in 1987 in response to reports that over 50% of homeless children were not attending school regularly. The EHCY Program provides formula grants to state educational agencies to ensure that all homeless children and youth have equal access to the same free, appropriate education, including preschool education, provided to other children and youth,”
(Phillips, Wodatch, Kelliher).
The government allows the state’s educational agencies to receive funds and to amend laws, practices, policies and regulations that may stop the enrollment, attendance and success of a homeless student in the school system.
The law was eventually adjusted and the funding level was higher to make sure the states give the funds...