Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ,347 US 483 (1954
After the Second World War, white and black Americans fought to defeat racial discrimination and to end the segregation. Brown v. Board of Education was one of the biggest cases in the United States which lights (provides) the circumstance of segregation in the public schools. The outcome did not put a complete end to segregation, but raises awareness, and with the time segregation was put to the end.
Issue-at-law: Is the race-based segregation of children into “separate but equal” public schools constitutional?
No. The race-base segregation of children into “separate but equal” public schools violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and is unconstitutional. Segregation of the children in public schools on the basis of the race denies to black children the equal protection of the law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment, even though the physical condition and other may be equal. So, education in the public schools is a right which must be made available to all children on the equal term.
Facts: Linda Brown was an African-American student in the Topeka Kansas School. She walked through the Rock Island Railroad Switchyard to take the bus to her Monroe School. Linda Brown wanted to apply admission to the Sumner School which was closely from her home but her application was refused by the Board of Education of Topeka because of her race. The Sumner School was only for white children. Under the law of that time, Brown felt the decision of the board violated the 14th Amendment which guaranteed equal protection of rights to citizens of the United States. According the equal protection of the 14th Amendment of the Constitution; her parents sued the school in the District Court of the Kansas. The District Court used Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 US 537 (1896) as the example to make the same conclusion for this case – “separate but equal”. Then Brown’s family lost their lawsuit. Brown...