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C-Diff Essay

  • Submitted by: ajones12031969
  • on September 21, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,119 words

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Below is an essay on "C-Diff" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Clostridium Difficile (C-Diff)
Alonzo Jones
Pima Medical Institute

Author Note:
This assignment was prepared for my Infectious Disease Class on 9/12/2012.

Clostridium Difficile (C-Diff)
C-Diff is a gram-positive bacterium that causes severe diarrhea and in some cases, inflammation of the colon. The disease is usually localized to the Digestive System. According to the (CDC, 2010) strains of C-Diff were reported to be resistant to antibiotics such as Fluoroquinolones in several hospitals across country. Eighty percent of C-diff cases are found in healthcare settings (CDC, 2010).
C-Diff can be very difficult to treat due to the fact that it has proven to be MDR (Multi-Drug Resistant) and in some cases the bacteria can cause death. Patients affected by C-diff may exhibit watery diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, and abdominal pain and tenderness. However, patients may also present with symptoms of pseudomembranous colitis, toxic mega colon, perforation of the colon, and sepsis (CDC, 2010).
Contact precautions are necessary when treating a patient this includes wearing a gown and gloves. Another aspect of precautions is hand washing and the use of bleach wipes to keep equipment such as stethoscopes and portable pulse oximeters dis-infected. A recent study found “that a daily cleaning regimen using germicidal bleach wipes reduced the incidence and time between cases of healthcare-acquired Clostridium difficile infections on two units that had been hard hit by the troublesome pathogen. …The overall incidence of healthcare-acquired C. diff infection (CDI) fell from 18.4 per 10,000 patient-days to 3.7 after the intervention. Moreover, the time between healthcare-acquired cases of CDI went from 13 days to 74 days” (Orenstein, 2010).
Precautions used when caring for patients with MDROs vary based on the organism involved. However, Contact Precautions are often used with these patients and involve wearing PPE prior to entering the patient’s...

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