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Cambodia Essay

  • Submitted by: mayonater7
  • on January 6, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 878 words

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Below is an essay on "Cambodia" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

What is a genocide?   The mass extermination of a very large group of people because of their race, nationality, or religion. The Khmer Rouge, which were Communist guerillas, took the role of the aggressors.   The Khmer Rouge fostered the notion of a "we vs. them" mentality within society and, in turn, enabled the citizens of the dominant society to justify the violence/actions of the Cambodian genocide.
Cambodia is a country in South East Asia, less than half the size of California and more than twice the size of Scotland. In 1960, Cambodia was under the rule of the monarch Prince Sihanouk. As a traditionalist, Prince Sihanouk tended to favor the Vietnamese rather often and offered them land to build base camps in Cambodia. This angered many in the military because they believed that their Prince was betraying their cause. ( http://www.history.ucsb.edu 1)     In 1970, General Lon Nol led a coup to depose of Sihanouk. The Prince was not passive about his being deposed, and later formed the Royal Government of National Union of Kampuchea (GRUNK). This government consisted of many neutralists and non-Communists who eventually deflected to form the Khmer Rouge (http://www.history.ucsb.edu   1). The Khmer Rouge guerrilla movement in 1970 was small. Their leader, Pol Pot, had been educated in France and was an admirer of Maoist (Chinese) communism; he was also suspicious of Vietnam's relations with Cambodia. The heavy American bombardment, and Lon Nol's collaboration with America, drove new recruits to join the Khmer Rouge. Chinese backing and North Vietnamese training for them also drove the new recruits to join Khmer Rouge. By 1975 Pol Pot's force had grown to over 700,000 men. Lon Nol's army was kept busy trying to suppress not only Vietnamese communists on Cambodian territory but also Cambodia's own brand of communists, the Khmer Rouge.   In 1975 North Vietnamese forces seized South Vietnam's capital, Saigon. In the same year Lon Nol was defeated by the Khmer Rouge. It...

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