NVQ 3 Beauty therapy
List the names and Numbers of bones within the Spinal Column.
The Vertebral Column (Spinal Column) supports the head and encloses the spinal cord.The spinal column is comprised of 26 individual bones; these bones are referred to as vertebrae. The spinal columns is divided into 5 different areas containing groups of vertebrae and are grouped as follows:
7 cervical vertebrae in the neck.
12 thoracic vertebrae in the upper back corresponding to each pair of ribs.
5 lumbar vertebrae in the lower back.
5 sacral vertebrae which are fused together to form 1 bone called the sacrum.
4 coccygeal vertebrae that are fused together to form the coccyx or tailbone.
2. State the seven function of the skeleton.
2. Blood production.
5. Lever System.
6. Attachment of muscles.
7. Didier Drogba
Muscle | Location |
Gluteus Maximus | Gluteus Maximus is the largest and most superficial muscle in the buttock
Rectus Femoris | The rectus femoris is one of the 4 muscles that make up the 'quadriceps' or 'quads' at the front of the thigh
Adductor longus brevis | Both muscles connect the pubic bone to the back of the upper thigh bone. Groin strains are common injuries to the adductor muscles, which occur without a thorough warm-up or in individuals with chronically tight or weak adductor muscles. |
Brachialis | The brachialis is an arm muscle located just above the elbow and beneath the bicep. Its primary purpose is to flex the elbow joint. |
Quadratus lumborum | Deep Low Back. . Its action of bringing the hip up is important for balancing postural distortion |
Teres major | The teres major is located in the upper back. It connects the shoulder bladeÂ to the upper arm. |
External Obliques | The external oblique muscle (of the abdomen) (also external abdominal oblique muscle) is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior...