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Cash Flow Statements Essay

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Below is an essay on "Cash Flow Statements" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

A company reports revenues and expenses on its income statement. Since most companies use accrual accounting, the income statement reveals little about cash flowing into and out of the business. To provide an understanding of cash flows, companies turn to the cash flow statement, which includes a section that restates income on a cash basis. You can choose between the direct and indirect methods to report operational cash flow. The statement of cash flows contains sections for three sets of activities: operating, investing and financing. Only the operations section deals with the question of direct versus indirect cash flows. By comparing the operations section with the income statement, you can identify the differences in timing between income and cash collections. Comparison also reveals timing differences between expenses and cash payments. Large differences might indicate that the company is very aggressive in recognizing income, or that the company spends a lot of cash to buy or maintain assets, a fact not apparent from the income statement. When using the direct method, you list cash flows in the operations section of the cash flow statement. Cash flows due to operations arise from customer collections and cash paid to suppliers, employees and others. The section also reports cash paid for income tax and interest. The problem in trying to use the direct method is that a company might not keep the information in the required form. For example, companies using accrual accounting lump together cash and credit sales -- they would have to make special provision to track cash sales separately. In the indirect method, you adjust net income to convert it from an accrual to a cash basis. This requires you to add back non-cash expenses such as depreciation, amortization, loss provision for accounts receivable and any losses on the sale of a fixed asset. You also adjust net income for changes between the starting and ending account balances in current assets --...

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Cash Flow Statements. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Cash-Flow-Statements-759844.html


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