Grand Canyon University
May 10, 2015
This paper will provide information regarding chickenpox including a description of the disease, its presentation, transmission modes, complications, and prevalence. This paper will also address the determinants of health and their contributions to the development of chickenpox. Factors related to the environment will be reviewed. The role of the community health nurse will be explained and the agency/organization(s) that contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of the disease will be identified.
Chickenpox, a common childhood disease is very contagious. Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2011). Generally, exposure to the virus is mild; however, it can be very serious in infants, pregnant women, teens, adults and individuals with a weakened immune system as it is hard for the body to fight an infection (WebMD, 2013). Chickenpox spreads easily from individuals infected with the virus to other individuals who have never had the disease or the vaccine against chickenpox. The virus spreads from one individual to another through the air by coughing or sneezing or by contact with the fluid from the blisters themselves. Anyone is susceptible to this illness and it usually lasts about five to ten days. The incubation period lasts about ten to twenty-one days and the disease is communicable one to two days before and until the lesions become crusted and drier. The first symptoms of chickenpox usually develop about fourteen to sixteen days after contact with a person who is infected with the virus. An individual is most contagious two to three days before the rash appears and until all the blisters have crusted over. Symptoms that will appear one to two days prior to the blisters forming are loss of appetite, fever, tiredness, and headache. The most common symptom an individual will experience is...