A brief summary of each of the books of the Old Testament Bible and their genre.
The Book of Genesis uses narrative form to tell us God created the universe and our world. God then created man. Unfortunately, Adam and Eve did not listen to God and were punished, called the “Fall”. God commanded Adam and Eve to populate the land. From there, we are told about family trees in sections called toledots. We learn about major characters and their families, mostly their sons. God was so upset with sin that He created a flood to destroy almost everything He created on earth. Noah was chosen by God so that he may save his family and other life in the arc that he built. Years later, Abraham was chosen next by God, this time, to create a nation. We learn about Abraham and how his faith was tested. God uses Jacob, Abraham’s grandson, to begin to fulfill the promises made to Abraham. Finally, we learn how Joseph, Jacob’s son, and his family moved to Egypt.
The first part of the Book of Exodus is narrative. The genre changes to law in verse 20. The narration picks up 400 years after Jacob’s family moved to Egypt. We are told of the oppression of his descendants, the Israelites, by the Egyptians. Moses was born an Israelite, but raised an Egyptian. God used a burning bush to speak to Moses and inform him that he is the one to deliver the Israelites out of bondage. Moses did not think he could convince Pharaoh to release God’s people. God gave Moses signs to use to convince the Israelites and Pharaoh that this is God’s command. Moses confronted Pharaoh with the ten plagues. The tenth plaque began the Passover ritual. Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and to Mt. Sinai. At Mt. Sinai, God gave the people his commandments or laws. These laws taught the Israelites how to have a relationship with God and each other.
The Book of Leviticus uses the genre of law. Israelites are told how and why to have sacrificial offerings. These...