* Explain why northerners and southerners in 1861 were unprepared, unrealistic, and generally naïve about the war that lay ahead.
The North and the South have fought a long war to end slavery. This war was called the Civil War and it lasted for four years. It was fought over the secession of the Confederate states. After four strenuous years, most of the Southern states have surrendered and slavery was abolished everywhere in the nation.
The North, or the Union opposed slavery and believed that it should be abolished. President Abraham Lincoln and many other leaders such as Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman helped the Union in war. Although the Union won the war, many were unprepared and naïve about what lay ahead of them in war. The young soldiers were excited to be active in war. They saw that being in this war was an unforgettable experience. The North was also unprepared in that they started out with a scattered army of 16,000~17,000 men. There would have been more soldiers, but one-third resigned to join the Confederacy states. There was never a draft as well as the federal government did not levy out a direct tax for decades. In the end, 140,414 were killed in action, there were around 365,000 dead, and 275,200 wounded.
The South, or the Confederacy fought in the Civil War, hoping that slavery would still exist. Slave owners believed that their slaves were content and happy with their living conditions. In this war, the South was led by Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, and other Confederate leaders. The living conditions of the South were worse than the North because they had an agrarian economy. Unlike the North, the South had a lack of industry. In addition, their political economic, and military strength was weaker than the North. The South lacked many other things such as factories and other facilities to create cannons, rifles, and other weapons. Because of this, the South started off with one...