The architecture of emergence
The first chapter of the book "nature and civilization" elaborates on the relationship between nature and evolution of human civilization.It shows the connection between human development and ecological development by explaining that the history of cultural evolution and the production of cities are set in the context of processes and forms of the natural world.
The emergence of human species and the evolution of culture are closely coupled to the changes in local climate and ecological systems.Specifically,Humans and all other living beings emerge from and exist within,the dynamic processes and phenomena of the natural world.The specific environment in which humans live in has profound effect on their development and formation of living habits and in turn humans have accordingly shaped and transformed the local landscape and environment in the process of adaptation.As a consequence,different culture behaviour have arisen as a result of the different environments. The forms and materials of buildings and houses,the spatial arrangement of the town and city and its associated land were,in varying degree,produced by human activities that were highly specific to that context.
Furthermore, the evolution of human culture is distinct from the evolution of biological forms. Biological evolution has adapted all other living species to their environment while the evolution of human culture has adapted environments to the human species.However, the excessive human activities to transform the natural environment for the sake of the benefit of humans themselves has posed a threat to the existence of other species.This tendency will degrade the ecological systems which will eventually lead to the downfall of our human beings. Actually,we should not neglect that humans emerge from and exist within, the dynamic processes and phenomena of the natural world. Natural evolution is not a single system but the collective processes of multiple...