Drug Trafficking In the United States
Use of Cocaine in America
The Use of Cocaine
The topic that I choose to write on is Cocaine. Cocaine is used all over the world. It was first
discovered in the mid 1800’s. At first it was used as an anesthetic during eye, nose and throat
surgery. Then it was used for depression and addiction to morphine.
By the early 1900s, it was the main ingredient in a wide range of medicines. It is believed that the original formula of Coca-Cola contained approximately 2.5 mg of cocaine per 100 mL of fluid. This formula was sold as a headache cure and stimulant. Another pharmacist bought the rights and founded the Coca-Cola Company in 1892.
By the early 1900s, public health officials were becoming alarmed by the medical, psychiatric, and social problems associated with excessive cocaine use. These concerns from health officials and legal authorities played a major role in initiating and supporting the effort to pass the Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914. This Federal legislation severely restricted the legal uses for cocaine and, for all practical purposes, ended the extensive use and abuse of cocaine in the early part of the 20th century. Interestingly, cocaine hit a low during the 1930s when the advent of amphetamine almost eradicated demand.
From the time of the Harrison Narcotic Act until the 1970s, cocaine use was generally limited to groups on the periphery of society. Legal prohibitions and severely restricted supplies of the drug helped to maintain its low profile. But microcultures of cocaine snorters, swallowers, and shooters remained, and cultivation of coca plants continued in the South American countries that traditionally grew them--Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador.
As the cultural proscriptions against the use of drugs for recreational purposes weakened during the 1960s, cocaine again became part of the...