The "Columbian Exchange" was something that I wasn’t too familiar with. But after research, I realize what a significant event this was in our history. This event was responsible for shaping America the way it is today. For example, what would life be like without for instance, the horse? The horse was one of the first European exports. The horse has shaped the way we travel, communicate, fight wars, expand cities and businesses and even survive due to the benefits it had on hunting and farming. Unfortunately there would be several unexpected events play out that weren't as beneficial to society.
The "Columbian Exchange" was a name given by Alfred W. Crosby, from the University of Texas at Austin, in 1972. The events were a series of exchanges of numerous animals, plants, human populations, cultures, ideas as well as communicable disease. The discovery of the new world by Christopher Columbus's famous voyage in 1492 was a key factor in this events taking place. With the great exchange benefiting the New World and Old World by providing animals and plants we have come to know in our everyday life such as cows, chickens, pigs, and several plants like lettuce and black pepper just to name a couple. It also gave sources of income from crops and farms as well as food to put on the table. It’s safe to say that the "Columbian Exchange" played a significant role in what America is today!
Unexpected and devastating effects from communicable disease, introduced from the old world, wiped out a significant portion of the Native Americans. Smallpox would prove to be the most deadly. Native Americans had no natural immunity developed from the foreign smallpox disease carried by European explorers and their animals. Invasive plants as well as fungus have both also been introduced causing other consequences that were unexpected. Another New World discovery was quinine which was the first effective treatment for malaria, which in turn caused the slave trade.
Plenty took place...