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Commas Essay

  • Submitted by: zxcvbnm1234567
  • on January 6, 2013
  • Category: English
  • Length: 1,645 words

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Below is an essay on "Commas" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

COMMA NOTES

Commas with coordinating conjunctions

                                Definitions

        Independent Clause: a group or words that contain BOTH a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. Basically a sentence!

        Dependent clause: a group of words that contain BOTH a subject and verb, but it is not a complete thought. It can not stand by itself.

        Coordinating Conjunctions: A word which joins together two clauses that are both equally important.
                    For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So



RULE #1:   When you have two independent clauses joined together with a coordinating conjunction, you must have a comma proceeding the conjunction.



            Ex: I love to swim, but I hate shopping for swimming suits.

NOTE: Both clauses–I love to swim & I hate shopping for swimming suits–are independent. These independent clauses are joined together with the conjunction BUT. So we have to use a comma before the but.




RULE #2: When the conjunctions are just combining phrases or dependent clauses not two independent clauses then there is no comma.









Exceptions
    ▪ Always use a comma when you have a but.
    ▪ When you want to give special emphasis to the second element in a coordinated pair
    ▪ When linking a series of three or more elements

Example of Exception #2: I didn’t believe him, and said so.

          –The writer wanted to place emphasis on SAID SO. Even though it is not an independent clause, the writer used a comma to create a pause, which then placed emphasis on and SAID SO.

Example of Exception #3: I love many sports: basketball, softball, and volleyball.
            –Since and is being used to combine a series of three elements, a comma is used.


ERRORS WHEN YOU BREAK THE RULE

Comma Splice:   Joining two independent clauses together with just a comma.


Run-on:   Joining two independent clauses together with just a coordinating...

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"Commas". Anti Essays. 16 Dec. 2018

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Commas. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 16, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Commas-383824.html


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