constitutional economics. It is important to distinguish between the two methods of corruption of the judiciary: the government (through budget planning and various privileges), and the private
A corrupt society cannot survive indefinitely, for it is against the law of nature. Whencorruption becomes a way of life, nothing goes right. Even dispensation of justice ceasesto exist.
Main Causes of Corruption 1. Injustice 2. Insecurity 3. Fear of survival 4. Illogical system 5. Unnecessary and over expanded Government machinery 6. Under paid manpower in public and private sector 7. Non existence of accountability 8. Lacking of social and Moral Values 9. Escalation in prices of goods in market 10. Money devaluation 11. Greed
Main Forms of Corruption: 1. Injustice 2. Placing of incompetent, characterless and ineligible persons in public and private sectors i.e. without comprehensive checks and merit according to laws and rules 3. Undue pressures to influence for wrong by the authoritative people 4. Misuse of powers 5. Mala fide intentions 6. Theft through white collar crime (Forgery, fudge and false) 7. Lack of scrutiny 8. Imitation 9. Difficulties and obstacles to seek easy, comprehensive, true and timely justice with due respect and comfort 10. Torture 11. Bribery
The underlying motive of corruption is to provide some one unfair advantage at the expense of either another individual entity (person or corporate) or a collective entity (country, province, city, community or company). In all cases, it is illegal, dishonest, and/or unethical. A bribe may be a cash payment or a gift item of considerable value.
Karl Kraus said about the corruption:
Corruption is worse than prostitution. The latter might endanger the morals of an individual, the former invariably endangers the morals of the entire country.
Corruption inducted by the government functionaries or the corporate managers damages both national character and the economy. But what hurts the common man is the...