Theorizing the Modern Organisation - A Critical Theory Perspective
Speaking of organisation, most of the organisational theorists are good in developing human capacity to take full advantage of the learnt theories, by polishing their theorizing ability through cultivation of theoretical dissimilarity and use them to fabricate a refined explanation that out beat the common sense. By doing so, they are engaging themselves in the invention of activities on searching for new experience and happenings (Tsoukas & Knudsen, 2005)
Technically, organisation take form in various structures but through evolution, its foundation still lingers around the teaching under critical theory. Critical theory is based on the belief that social science can and will contribute to the freedom to acquire satisfaction through opportunities of autonomy; clarification of needs and wants; with a goal to be truly satisfied, despite having different traditions, ideology, assumptions, power relation and so forth (Bronner, 2011).
Many organisational theories tend to focus on the rationality in minimising production and transaction cost to maximise profit. An organisation’s objective of control, whether through rewards or socialisation and enculturation, is assumed to boost organisational performance. Under this ideology, it is also assumed that organisation has to design and manage the environmental factors together, such as constant competition and evolution of technology in order to ensure its survival. What’s more employee relation in the face of changing environmental factors also falls under this category (Rich, 2007).
However, critical theory challenges such assumptions. It states that control does not mean efficiency. When there are events of trade off, issues on efficiency are usually discarded as focus will be placed on achievement and labour process. Also, many of the methods used in the achievement of control are not benevolent or it...