Language is a system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understand to have the same meaning. Most countries designate a specific language as their own. The two largest language families in the world are Sino-Tibetan which is found mostly in East Asia. The other is Indo-European which is where English is classified under and found mostly in North America, South America, Europe, Latin America and South Asia.
There are four branches of Indo-European that are spoken most, Germanic North Europe and North America, Indo-Iranian South and Central Asia, Balto-Slavic Eastern Europe and Romance Southern Europe and Latin America. The Germanic branch is broken into high and low groups based on elevation; English is in the low group. Indo-Iranian includes more than 100 languages in itself. Balto-Slavic can be divided into East, West, South Slavic and Baltic. Romance branch evolved from the Romans 2000 years ago. The origin of the Indo-European language can only be speculated since it was formed before history was recorded.
A dialect is a regional variation of a language based on differences in vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation. The United States has different dialects of English based on the area. With many dialects there is always one that is the standard. In some instances it is difficult to determine whether a language is different or they are two dialects of the same language.
Some countries operate with more than one main language; some do not want to and the language boundary divides the areas. Belgium for example does not coexist with more than one language and the people want it separated into two separate countries. Whereas Switzerland has four languages within the country although it is separated into different regions the official languages are spoken throughout. There are a few languages that are unrelated to any other language they are considered isolated. The language was created so long...