Cause and Effect Essay Khamani McCowin
Extended Essay/Research Paper
May 9, 2012
Diabetes is defined as a disease in which the body does not properly control the amount of sugar in the blood. As a result, the level of sugar in the blood is too high. This disease is a problem for many people today. For this reason, this essay outlines and tells the common causes of diabetes, which are diet, lifestyle, and age.
Diabetes is a common disease for all type of races. It is a global health problem. It is also the most concentrated in areas where large food supplies allow people to eat more calories than they need so that they develop obesity, a condition of excessive fat. Diabetes does not suddenly appear one day without previous notification from your body. For a period of time, which may last up to ten years, you may not notice you have diabetes, but you aren’t quite normal either. During that time you might have prediabetes. A person with pre-diabetes can develop heart disease and brain attacks. Testing for pre-diabetes involves finding out your blood glucose level, which is the level of sugar in your blood. When it becomes diabetes, the body’s blood glucose level registers higher than a person with pre-diabetes. The standard definition of diabetes mellitus is excessive glucose in a blood sample.
There are eight different conditions and hormones that can lead to diabetes. The first one is an excessive adrenal gland hormone; hydrocortisone. It stimulates the liver to put out more glucose while it blocks the uptake of glucose by muscle tissue. The second is an excessive prolactin that is present in a prolactin-secreting tumor of the gland. It blocks insulin action, and glucose intolerance results. Thirdly, a growth hormone is made by a tumor of the gland, which reduces insulin sensitivity and forces the pancreas to make much more insulin. Fourthly, a tumor of another part of the gland causes an increased liver production of...