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Discuss Egidio Da Viterbo’s Early Sixteenth-Century Comment That Sixtus Iv Had Turned Rome from ‘a City of Mud to a City of Brick’ Essay

  • Submitted by: hyacinthhouse
  • on October 6, 2012
  • Category: History
  • Length: 2,889 words

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Below is an essay on "Discuss Egidio Da Viterbo’s Early Sixteenth-Century Comment That Sixtus Iv Had Turned Rome from ‘a City of Mud to a City of Brick’" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Discuss Egidio da Viterbo’s early sixteenth-century
comment that Sixtus IV had turned Rome from
‘a city of mud to a city of brick’.


Sixtus IV, born Francesco della Rovere, was elected to the papacy in 1471, and his reign ended with his death in 1484. A great patron of architecture, he is known as Urbis Restaurator because of the extensive work he commissioned on the city of Rome throughout his pontificate.[1] It is therefore no surprise that Egidio da Viterbo would have written Sixtus turned Rome from ‘a city of mud to a city of brick’. Indeed, this was compliment that humanists used for building patrons, in order to equate them with the most successful of them – namely, Emperor Augustus, who was said to have found Rome “a city of brick and left it built in marble.”[2] Raffaelo Mattei made an even clearer statement by using a simile when he wrote that Sixtus “made Rome from a city of brick into stone just as Augustus of old had turned the stone city into marble.”[3] Indeed, Emperor Augustus had “adorned [the city] as the dignity of the empire demanded” and had commissioned temples, a forum, paved roads and been a patron of the arts.[4] To what extent can Sixtus IV’s accomplishment be likened to those of the Roman’s emperor, over fourteen centuries later?

When Pope Nicholas V was elected to the papacy in 1447, Rome was described as ruinae.[5] Indeed, following the move of the papacy to Avignon in the fourteenth century, and the Western Schism, Rome was weakened – her population had dwindled, her buildings were collapsing, her streets were unusable. The government of Rome was not maintaining the city’s infrastructure – churches needed restoration, streets were not paved or cleaned, and were blocked by porticos, stairways and garbage thrown there by inhabitants.[6] Supposedly, Nicholas V, with the help of Alberti, had imagined an ambitious plan, re-organizing Rome in order to make it worthy of the papal court.[7] While Nicholas V did not have the time or...

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MLA Citation

"Discuss Egidio Da Viterbo’s Early Sixteenth-Century Comment That Sixtus Iv Had Turned Rome from ‘a City of Mud to a City of Brick’". Anti Essays. 15 Dec. 2018

<http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Discuss-Egidio-Da-Viterbo-s-Early-Sixteenth-Century-320307.html>

APA Citation

Discuss Egidio Da Viterbo’s Early Sixteenth-Century Comment That Sixtus Iv Had Turned Rome from ‘a City of Mud to a City of Brick’. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://parimatch-stavka7.com/free-essays/Discuss-Egidio-Da-Viterbo-s-Early-Sixteenth-Century-320307.html


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