Dorothea Lynde Dix
Dorothea Lynde Dix was an American Activist. She tirelessly lobbied the U.S. Congress and individual sate legislatures alike for the improvement of residential and the regulation and supervision of the treatments in these facilities (Green). Dix was a driving face in the effort to reform the mental health states.
Dorothy Lynde Dix was born on April 4th 1802 in Hampden, Maine. Dix described herself as an “orphan prematurely deprived of p3arental attention and burdened with the grave responsibilities of adulthood” at the age of ten (Green). Dix’s biographer, Thomas J. Brown, said that this year is a “resilient pride in the independence and tenacity that she would always consider to be her chief character traits” (Green). She was not fond of staying at home, so she moved out when she was fourteen to get away from her alcoholic family and abusive father. She did not enjoy courting, attending balls and parties and decided to remain unmarried. Dix began teaching at a young age and she loved it. She was appointed in 1824 to the Female Monitorial School and there she developed the reputation of being one of the finest schoolmistresses in Boston. She returned from Europe in March of 1841 and began teaching Sunday school classes at prisons. Dix spent most of her life working with the indigent, the insane and the mentally disable, to improve their residential facilities. At the end of her time, she resided in a guesthouse in the Trenton hospital that she had helped start, alone and deserted. Her health continued to downgrade, making her lose most of her hearing and sight. She became physically and mentally weak and passed away shortly. She was buried in Mount Auburn cemetery.
Dorothea Dix fought for prison reform in the state of Massachusetts. In her speech “I tell what I have seen; cages, closets, cellars, stalls, pens! Chained, naked, beaten with rods and lashed into obedience!’”(Green). Her speech led to the passing of a bill that got the...