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Jean-Mari De Villiers
It is possible to clearly describe the problem and state what makes it spatial – The location of the crime incidents were concentrated within specific spatial boundaries/units of Blairgowrie.
It is possible to specify a location on the earth’s surfaces that was effected – The spatial boundaries and the crime incidents could be found / drawn on a map.
It is possible to specify some spatial features associated with the problem – The location of crime incidents, roads, and the Park lands and natural vegetation.
1.2) Spatial Features:
* Location off crime incidents detected
* Location of the roads
* Location of the Park lands
* Location of natural vegetation
* Location of houses
1.3) Location of crime incidents – Ordinal level of measurement
Each crime incident has a number next to it (As seen on Figure 1) and this can be used to measure the order of the first time crime incident, a pattern can be seen.
Location of houses – Nominal measurement scale
Dealing with crime incidents. How many houses in a certain area/location has been affected. Categories incl. location of houses affected. How many times has crime incidents taken place for the specific area/location?
Location of roads and natural vegetation – Ratio scales
Can be used to measure the distance of the road from the houses and the natural vegetation from the houses, for example:
A- Road is 50 min from houses
B- Natural Vegetation is 100m from houses
One can accurately say that B is twice as far as A, and this means that crime incidents more...