1. Educational professionals define curriculum as the study of the subjects of the school that would result in disciplining the mind and the particular subjects that would result in disciplining the mind and the particular facilities to the mind.
2. The Ggeneral public believed that the study of any subject that was tightly organized and difficult to master was believed to discipline the mind to think cogently.
Educators viewed curriculum as: the study of contemporary life in order to identify learning activities that could help students carry on more effectively in their own lives.
Educational practices that are guided by curriculum were recognizingrecognize the fact that, many teachers and principals favored a move to reconstruct the general high school curriculum and instructional in order to meet the need of the depression. Era students and to respond to pressures for greater opportunities for sell-direction in learning.
Educational practices that are not guided by curriculum was showed that it was possible to appraise the progress of students toward each of majors objectives by using questionnaires, observations and sample of products as well as tests.
The 26th yearbook of the national society for the study of education, members of the yearbook committee and the authors. progressives Progressives like Harold rugg and essentialists like William Bagley Philosophical orientation that is likely to have the major influence on the curriculum field is that teachers usually seek several educational objectives in their conduct of a course. It also demonstrated that it was possible to appraise the progress of students toward each of these major objectives by using questionnaires.
The philosophical orientation that is likely to have the major influence on the curriculum field is the wide acceptance of philosophical orientation instead of testing. The effects of educationalof educational programs or procedures if appraised...