June 10th, 2015
There exist many laws and theories governing moral and ethics, some make individuals think and execute decisions in both negative and positive ways, changing the outcome of their actions. The virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics are some of the few that shine light on what makes an individuals though process, make certain decisions in their daily work life balance.
The virtue theory is non-consequential, born at around 400 B.C.E. by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, is the theory that believes the primary focus is one’s character, especially the personal disposition to act well in various circumstances. The creators believed that, what really drives our behavior as humans is not self-centeredness, or being bind to extreme commitments around moral rules, but the deep understanding and details of our own behaviors and self-personality. In simpler terms, being the right kind of person so that we do the right thing.
Utilitarianism is a consequential theory, born in 1800 A.D. by philosophers Mill and Bentham. It is the theory that is the most widely accepted, it is the view that what we should do morally, is produce the greatest possible utility (benefit) for the greatest possible number of people. If the action benefits If an action benefits more people than it harms, “the action is right”. If a law is oppressive and harms more people than it helps, “the law is wrong”. It is a popular theory used in today’s modern world. A lot of the laws written in society takes into account this theory.
Kant’s deontology is a non-consequential theory, born in Germany 1724-1802. “Deon” is Greek for duty, the deontologist emphasizes on moral duty and our obligation to do the right thing because it’s the right thing to do.
Some of the following theories have similarities that tie them together. The two non-consequential theories have similar links between the two. They both act upon the idea or logic...