Jesse S. Ruffin
July 30, 2015
Ethics is the moral standards in which an individuals and society govern behaviors. Ethical development is an essential tool in today's society. "Ethics, issues, problems, and concerns are present in every compartment of our lives" (Manias, 2013, Chapter 1). The following essay will discuss "the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics" (University of Phoenix, 2015). The paper will also include "a description of each theory addressing ethics and morality and a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts"(University of Phoenix, 2015).
Virtue theory is an ethical approach that judges an individual by their character rather than by their action that may diverge from their routine behavior. "It takes the person's morals, reputation and motivation into account when rating an unusual and irregular behavior that is considered unethical" (Rainbow, 2002). The theory judges an individual's traits on a scale of good, bad, or a combination of the two. These traits acquired through life experiences and moral beliefs. The downside of this theory is that it does not take into consideration one's moral character can change. Virtue ethics is "becoming the right kind of person by developing certain virtuous character traits" (Manias, 2013, Chapter 6). The virtues ethic theory contributed to the Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
The Utilitarianism theory focuses on the importance of action more than the action. Utilitarianism theory falls into two categories act utilitarianism and "rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism is the ability to predict the consequences of an action" (Rainbow, 2002), as where rule utilitarianism leads to the right or wrong of an action. Rule utilitarianism, however, does take into account the fundamentals of fairness. The actions considered morally right or wrong...