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Evaluate The Arguments In Favour Of Adopting a Pro Essay

  • Submitted by: bafcdan94
  • on February 20, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,210 words

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Below is an essay on "Evaluate The Arguments In Favour Of Adopting a Pro" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Evaluate the arguments in favour of adopting a proportional electoral system in the elections to the West Minster Parliament

Currently in the UK we use a 'first past the post' electoral system in which the party who wins the most amount of seats across the UK wins the election. Under this system, each constituency has it's own member of parliament who stands for election in that constituency, where the people in that constituency vote for the MP they want. However, this system has come under scrutiny in recent times as it is seen as being unfair, and instead a proportional electoral system has been suggested to replace the current one. Proportional systems work on the basis that the percentage of votes corresponds with the percentage of seats and power that a party will gain. This system tends to favour and give more opportunities to smaller parties such as the Liberal Democrats, who currently feel that the first past the post system is unfair towards them and numerous other parties. The system also tends to result in a coalition government being formed, which in some respects can be seen as a good thing, as proportional amounts of power are spread evenly between parties according to the amount of votes received. Northern Ireland, Germany, Australia and France all use different proportional systems at this current time however it is also a key issue in the UK at the moment, as we can see from the recent AV referendum which was held this year. Subsequently it was the decision of the Liberal Democrats to hold the election.
Proportional systems are already currently being used in some parts of the UK, and is quite successful where it is in place. The London mayor is elected through a proportional system which is called the 'supplementary vote' which is used to elect individuals and guarantee’s that the winner receives an absolute majority. Elsewhere Northern Ireland use a 'STV' system   in which the main features include   multi-member   constituencies with a wide...

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