cGood Neigbor Policy- (initataited by Herbert hoover) which the U.S repudiated the right to intervene militarily in the internal affairs of Latin countries
-cuba repeal of platt amenment accepted which, authorized American military intervention on that island.
THE ROAD TO WAR
-Japan invades china. City of Nanjing- Japanese massacared 300,000 chinese prisoners and civilians.
- Hitler sent troops to occupy Rhineland (zone between france and germany)
- Benito Mussolini, founder of facism, invades Ethiopia
-Francisco Franco led uprising against the democratically elected government of Spain.
-Hitler annexed Austria and Sudetenland and ethnically Czechoslovakia.
- FDR wanted to quarantine aggressors, had little choice but to follow the policy of “appeasement” (adopted by france and Britain) agreeing to hitlers demands and hoping it would prevent war.
-80 percent of japan oil was from U.S
-America wanted to avoid foreign entanglements
-Neutrality Acts- banned travel on belligerents ships and the sale of arms to countries at war. (U.S hoped this would avoid conflict over freedom of the sea)
WAR IN EUROPE
--Stalin and Hitler sign a nonaggression pact.
-Germany invades Poland
-France and Britain (swore to protect Poland) declare war on Germany
-Nazi Blitzkreig (lightning war) overran Poland, Scandinavia, Belgium, Netherlands
-Axis powers- Germany, Italy, Japan
-The Battle of Britain- german air force launched devastating attacks on London and other cities
-Churchill- “ new world, with all its power and might, rescue the old”
-FDR declared they will be “great arsenal of democracy” to allied forces
-Lend-lease act- military aid so long as countries promised to return it all after war. (funneled billions of dollars worth of arms to Britain and china)
-U.S froze japans assest, no trade between them
-december 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor was attacked. First attack by foreign power on American soil since...