For my final project in Art 3, I selected the art movement of fauvism. Fauvism was a short-lived movement in the early 20th century made popular by Henri Matisse. I selected this movement because the paintings done in this style were filled with color and quick, wispy movements. This style really catches my eye and I continue to find interest in it.
Fauvism is a style of painting with vivid expressionistic and non-naturalistic use of color that flourished in Paris from 1905 and, although short-lived, had an important influence on subsequent artists, especially the German expressionists. Henri Matisse was regarded as the movement's leading figure. Fauvism emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over realistic values that were otherwise retained by impressionism. The paintings of the Fauves – which means “wild beasts” - were characterized by seemingly wild brush work and strident colors, while their subject matter had a high degree of simplification and abstraction. Fauvism can be classified as an “extreme development of Van Gogh's Post-Impressionism fused with the pointillism of Seurat and other Neo-Impressionist painters.” Fauvist artists aimed to express colors and styles that had not been accepted in expressionism or realism. The style was in great contrast to other styles of its time, and was the first of many movements that proceedingly got farther from impressionism.
Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde movements that flourished in France in the early years of the twentieth century. The Fauve painters were the first to break with impressionism as well as with older, traditional methods of perception. Their spontaneous, often subjective response to nature was expressed in bold, undisguised brushstrokes and high-keyed vibrant colors, as described before. Henri Matisse and André Derain introduced un-naturalistic color and vivid brushstrokes into their paintings in the summer of 1905 while working together on a piece. When their...