Question #1; What are Reserves? What are some of the problems with Reserves in Canada? Why don't more FN people move off the reserves? Should they?
Question #2; Why did the Canadian Government create Residential Schools? How did this system change the FN peoples? What are the effects of the Residential School system on the First Nation's population? Why are these effects still felt today even though we don't have Residential Schools?
Residential Schools were established by the Canadian Government in the late 1800 to 1980's (under Federal Government control). The schools were constructed all over Canada and were run by Catholic or Protestant Officials, to take First Nations children away from there homes and coerce their parents to let the children go, and educate them the European way. The Canadian Government thought this would be a good way to deal with the 'Indian problem'. They also thought that this would be a good solution to create less or fewer problems for the Canadian Government. The idea of the Residential Schools was to make 'everyone' the same or assimilate the population, by forcing European ways of education on the children and taking away their culture. They wanted to "take the Indian out of the Indian." The Canadian Government also created these schools because they had a lack of respect for the First Nations peoples and many people were racist towards them. The Canadian Government felt that there was not enough room for both cultures.
This system changed the First Nations people by taking away their children and making them forget everything about their culture and their previous lives. They also made them learn everything different all over again. The Officials running the schools forced the children to work before school started. The children were punished if they were caught speaking their own language or doing anything that related to their culture. Because the children were not aloud to leave the schools to go...