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Force de Frappe Essay

  • Submitted by: carolhuni
  • on September 19, 2012
  • Category: History
  • Length: 6,556 words

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Below is an essay on "Force de Frappe" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

“A SINISTER COMEDY OF IRRATIONALITIES.” IN LIGHT OF THIS STATEMENT, CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE SRATEGIC UTILITY OF THE INDEPENDENT FRENCH NUCLEAR DETERRENT FORCE
During the advent of the nuclear era, the security of Western Europe was largely dependent on the USA’s nuclear umbrella guarantee through the Atlantic Alliance and USA Massive Retaliation Strategy. Massive retaliation gave Europe a guarantee of US nuclear retaliation in the event of a Soviet attack. However, France’s ambitious posture emanating from the humiliation she suffered during the Second World War coupled with the shift in US nuclear strategy from massive retaliation to flexible response saw France formulating her own stance in nuclear policy. In order to be an actor rather than a subordinate to the USA in world politics and to emphasise her independence, France formed an independent Nuclear Deterrent Force (Force de Frappe). It is against this backdrop, critics termed this endeavour a ‘sinister comedy of irrationalities’, since the force was small and lacked credibility and the elements essential for it to be viewed as a formidable deterrent force. A   nuclear deterrent doctrine was suppose to be based on massive retaliation doctrine, as with any nuclear strategy based on the principle of second-strike capability needed to form a retaliatory attack, encourages the opponent to perform a massive counterforce first strike. This, if successful, would cripple the defending state's retaliatory capacity and render a massive retaliation strategy useless.   However other analysts argue that, the mere existence of a nuclear force, its destructive potential and the inherent horrors of nuclear exchanges would that any would be aggressors to be deterred. Thus this paper seeks to critically evaluate the utility of the independent French nuclear deterrent force.
As a prelude to the ensuing discussion it is prudent to first understand the French Policy and the background to the formation of the French Nuclear...

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