Forensic Anthropology |
A Branch in Forensic Science |
Patricia Hodges |
The basic information on Forensic Anthropology, its beginning, education and salary. |
Anthropology is the “science of humanity”. Anthropology originated in the colonial encounter between Western people and colonized non-Western people, as Europeans tried to understand the origins of observable cultural diversity and is overlapping the humanities, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term anthropology is from the Greek anthrōpos, “man”, understood to mean human kind or humanity, and –logia, “word” or “study”.
In the United States, the discipline is traditionally divided into four fields: cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology and biological anthropology. In Europe, the discipline originated as ethnology and was originally defined as the study of social organization in non-state societies.
Biological anthropology (also known as bio anthropology and physical anthropology) is a branch of anthropology that studies the physical development of human species. It plays an important part in paleoanthropology (the study of human origins), bio archaeology (the study of past population), and in forensic anthropology (the analysis and identification of human remains for legal purposes). It draws upon human anthropometrics (body measurements), human genetics (molecular anthropology), and human osteology (the study of bones) and include neuranthropology, the study of human brain evolution and of culture as neurological adaption to environment. (www.forensicanthropologist.net)
Forensic anthropology is the application of the science of anthropology in a legal setting—most often physical anthropology and human biology in criminal cases (FBI, CIA and military) where the victims remains are in the advance stages of decomposition. A forensic...