There are a number of goals to set with clients.
A. Types of Goals
1. Process - related to the establishment of therapeutic conditions necessary for client change. (establishing rapport, providing a nonthreatening setting, possessing and communicating accurate empathy and unconditional regard.) Counselors primary responsibility
2. Outcome – related to the client’s changes to be made as a result of counseling, shared goals agreed on by the client and counselor
a. visible and observable are more useful but not always,
b. the more observable, concrete, and precise the better the understanding of the goal:vital
• To help your client develop more fully his or her self-actualizing potential
• To increase the frequency of positive self-statements at home and at work by 50 percent over the next six weeks.
B. Three Elements of Good Outcome Goals
1. The behavior to be changed
2. Suitable conditions under which the desired change will occur
a. to increase success (Example: the client may agree to change eating habits at home, but not out on a Saturday with friends)
3. Suitable level or amount of change
b. to increase success (Example: to reduce calorie intake from 3000 calories/day to 1500 calories/day rather than 900 calories/day)
• Goals can then be adjusted as successes are met.
Exercise 1: Outcome Goals
In the following exercise, examples of client outcome goals are presented. Determine which of the three elements of an outcome goal – behavior, condition, or level – may be missing.
1. To decrease temper tantrums.
2. To increase exercise to two times a week over a six-week period.
3. To decrease the number of nightly argument at home with your spouse
4. To decrease tardiness
5. To reduce aggressive behavior with sibling by 50 percent
6. To make three positive comments about the strengths of each member of your family during a one-week period
C. Translating Value Concerns into Specific Goals
1. To do this the counselor...