Gothic Architecture: An Evaluation of Gothic Cathedrals in France
May 16th, 2011
Architecture has played a key role for historians when studying civilizations. It can show the values, resources, and daily life of that society. Historians are able to decipher all these things by noticing reoccurring features of certain buildings and structures from that period of time. The main buildings have also shown much evidence such as political buildings and religious buildings that are dedicated to whoever was honored at the time. However, architecture not only shows the significance of someone or something, it can be seen as an art form. Dan Rice, an artist of the 19th century once said, "There are three forms of visual art: Painting is art to look at, sculpture is art you can walk around, and architecture is art you can walk through." Architecture can be seen as the most important art form because it is something you can experience and be a part of. Whereas when a person sees art pieces and sculptures, a person is just and outside figure. Past civilizations, such as the Romans, have influenced Medieval architecture and from that it has innovated and evolved into a new style, which would be known as Gothic. With this new style, key features, especially the doorways of cathedrals in Medieval Europe would take on a greater significance. During middle ages, the doorway of a cathedral represented entering a divine place, and this was shown through Gothic architecture.
Rome had been a main contender to contributing to the innovation of architecture. Romans did this by creating the arch. Moving away from the traditional Greek post-and-lintel system, Romans were able to create structure using the arch for construction. The arch is so important because it is able to support structures over large areas of land. However the main use of this idea was the...