Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations
In 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released the second Health Disparities and Inequalities Report for the United States. The report is designed to “identify and address the factors that lead to health disparities among racial, ethnic, geographic and socioeconomic groups and other groups so that barriers to health equity can be removed”("CDC," 2013). The first step is to highlight and bring forward the problems that need to be solved especially among the five racial and ethnic groups that reside within the US. Here, the focus be on health status and disparities of the Alaska Native/ American Indian.
Current Health Status of the Alaska Native/American Indian
According to an article in the American Journal of Health (Bauer & Plescia, 2014) the AN/AI bears a substantial burden of disease including tobacco related illness, diabetes, unintentional and intentional injury, liver disease and motor vehicle accidents( p.259). In 2013, the U.S. census bureau cited approx. 5.2 million AN/AI living in the U.S. which is about 2% of the population. There are 14 states with more than 100,000 residents and the percentage of these who lack health insurance is 26.9%(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 20, 2014).
Motor vehicle accidents (MVA) is a leading cause of death among AN/AI, a rate that is approx. 2-5 times of all other races and ethnic groups (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 20, 2014). This is contributed to lack of seatbelt use, lack of child restraints and impaired driving. The CDC cites homicides rates of AI/AN far exceed that of non-Hispanic White people.(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 20, 2014). Incidence of suicide among AN/AI is higher than that of non-Hispanic blacks, Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 20, 2014). The incidence of tuberculosis has decreased, but is still far...