Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Theory
This style of leadership believes in followers as the most important element of the situation to determine effective leader behavior due to variation in readiness level between subordinates and those of higher rank. In this style of leadership, the leader evaluates the subordinate and adopts whichever style is needed and that style can be tailored to the individual. Through diagnosis the leader select a style that is appreciated for the readiness level based on the follower’s degree of education, skills, previous experiences, self-confidence and work attitudes. There are four levels of readiness in this situational theory; low, moderate, high and very readiness levels which are related to four leader styles (telling, selling, participation and delegating) (Daft, 2011).
Using Theory as Nurse Educator
As a nursing educator, I can relate to Hersey and Blanchard’s situational theory at all levels of readiness. I see myself using low readiness level to mentor a new nursing employee during orientation to the facility, nursing department and the nursing unit. When new nurses are hired they go through the general orientation lead by the nurse educator. Due to the fact that the nurse is new to the environment, the nurse educator I explains by “telling’ the new nurse employees exactly where things are located, what kind of codes to use, how to use these codes, where other supplies could be located. At this stage the new employee is treated as new to the facility, it machines and it culture of operation. Absolutely nothing is taken for granted. A thorough orientation through teaching by telling and leading by example is done by the nurse educator until employee feels confident to demonstrate all that has been taught.
I realized that using the strategies from the low readiness level allows new nurse employees to be familiar with their new environment, its culture and its resources despite the fact that...