Hitler’s Foreign Policy Aims:
1. Destroy the Treaty of Versailles.
2. Create a Greater Germany (a country of all the German people).
3. Lebensraum (living space) to conquer land for Germany in Eastern Europe.
Once he came to power, Hitler set about doing exactly what he had said he would do. For each of his actions between 1935 and 1939, you can see which aims he was fulfilling by undertaking:
1935 - Rearmament
1936 - Remilitarisation of the Rhineland
1938 - Anschluss with Austria
1938 - The annexation of the Sudetenland
1939 - The invasion of Czechoslovakia
1939 - The invasion of Poland
Date | Event | What happened |
1933 | League of Nations | Hitler leaves the League of Nations. |
1934 | Austria | Hitler tries to take power in Austria. Austrian Nazis murder the chancellor, Dolfuss. Italy moves its army to the border and Hitler backs down. |
1935 | Saar | As planned in the Treaty of Versailles, the people of Saar (which had been given to France for 15 years) vote to return to Germany. |
1935 | Rearmament | Hitler increases the size of the German army to half a million members. Britain, France and Italy do nothing. |
1935 | Anglo-German Naval Treaty | Britain helps Germany break the Treaty of Versailles by signing an agreement to allow Germany a navy one-third of the size of Britain's. |
1936 | Rhineland | German troops re-occupy the Rhineland. They are given orders to retreat if France offers any resistance. France does nothing. |
1936 | Guernica | Hitler tests his armed forces when German bombers, which are helping the Fascists in the Spanish Civil War, bomb the Spanish town of Guernica. Civilians in Britain and France are frightened. |
1937 | Anti-Comintern Pact | Alliance of Germany, Japan and Italy against communism |
1938 | Anschluss | Hitler occupies Austria. First, Hitler encourages the Austrian Nazis to demand a union with Germany. Then he invades when the Austrian chancellor announces a vote to see what...